The High Tibial Osteotomy is an orthopaedic surgery used to repair a varus deformity caused by compartmental osteoarthritis. HTO has become more popular among younger, more active patients hoping to fight arthritis thanks to developments in technique, fixation devices, and a better understanding of patient selection since its debut. The goal of the surgery is to realign the knee's weight-bearing line. The force produced by weight-bearing is moved from the arthritic, medial compartment to the healthy, lateral compartment when the knee is realigned. This reduction in force or load in the diseased region of the knee joint reduces knee discomfort and slows the advancement of osteoarthritis in the medial compartment.
For relatively young individuals with unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee, high tibial osteotomy (HTO) has been proven to be a successful surgical strategy. The medial opening wedge osteotomy has lately become more popular because of the development of a locking plate design that provides additional stability. A lateral shift of the weight-bearing line (WBL) to 62–66 percent of the width of the plateau, which was first suggested by Dugdale et al, is the most extensively used and customary way for correcting the mechanical axis for HTO.
The criteria for correcting the mechanical axis have lately been modified, with some research concluding that the mechanical axis should be corrected based on the severity of the cartilage defect. The goal of this study was to compare our method to the usual way in terms of mechanical axis correction and to evaluate the radiographic and clinical outcomes of HTO with concurrent cartilage operations.
The High Tibial Osteotomy treatment is used to straighten the bend-leg and is recommended for joint arthritis patients under the age of 50.
The purpose of the Joint Preservation approach is to avoid injury, minimise inflammation, and retain cartilage in the surrounding area. The High Tibial Osteotomy procedure aids in Joint Preservation Surgery for the Knee, and the procedure has such an effect that a patient can return home and resume normal activities immediately following the procedure.
Compared to knee replacement surgery, the High Tibial Osteotomy method is more cost effective. It is significantly less expensive, has less pain, and takes less time to recuperate.
If your knees hurt, have them checked for any suspicious cartilage tears or malalignment, and if your doctor recommends it, have your Joint Preservation Surgery for Knee - High Tibial Osteotomy done. You won't have to stay in the hospital for a few days while your knee heals because you can go home the same day and return to your routine life much quicker.