When the spherical ball at the top of the upper arm bone, or humerus, escapes the socket in the shoulder blade, or scapula, a shoulder dislocation develops. That means the shoulder's ball and socket bones are separated, and the humerus' ball is out of place.
Muscles, tendons that connect muscles to bones, and ligaments that connect the shoulder bone to the shoulder blade are some of the tissues that hold the bones together. It is also possible to rip cartilage, a rubbery substance that covers and protects the ends of bones.
Only part of the upper arm bone is out of the socket in a partly dislocated shoulder, also known as a shoulder subluxation.
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The most mobile joint in the body is the shoulder joint, which has a ball-in-socket mechanism with the round top of the arm bone fitting into a groove in the shoulder blade. It has the ability to turn in a variety of directions. Even though the shoulder is supported by muscles, tendons, and ligaments, its movement can make it unstable. The shoulder, out of all the joints in the body, is the one that is most likely to dislocate.
A fall or a hit to the shoulder are the most common causes of a shoulder dislocation. This might happen while participating in sports. Teenagers are more likely than younger children to have dislocated shoulders.
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● Extreme pain and/or weakness
● Bruising or redness
● Muscle spasms
● Numbness or tingling in the fingers, hand, or arm
● Difficulty in moving the arm
● Shoulder visibly out of place
Consider taking the following steps if you experience shoulder dislocation:
● Keep the arm tight to the body and don't move it. It's not a good idea to try to force the shoulder back into place, since this might cause injury to the blood vessels, muscles, ligaments, and nerves.
● An ice pack should be applied to the damaged area. Ice might help to lessen swelling and pain.
● For pain, take ibuprofen, naproxen, or acetaminophen. Patients with heart illness, high blood pressure, or kidney disease, as well as those who have had stomach ulcers or internal bleeding, should always seek medical advice before taking pain medication.
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Tell the doctor how the probable dislocation happened and if the shoulder has been dislocated before in the emergency room. To alleviate pain, the doctor may prescribe muscle relaxants.
X-rays, a magnetic-resonance-imaging (MRI) scan to discover tissue damage, or a computerized-tomography (CT) scan to reveal any broken bones not visible on the X-ray are among the procedures the doctor may request. A dislocation could be discovered simply by feeling the top of the arm bone.