Arthroscopic surgery or “key-hole” surgery allows the surgeon to look inside the joint and perform procedures using special tiny instruments. This usually requires a stay of 24 hours or less in hospital. Meniscal and ligament tears are treated using arthroscopy as also certain cartilage regeneration procedures. Arthroscopy and washout of the joint is not helpful in knees with complete loss of cartilage.
WHAT IS ACI
This is a minimally invasive procedure which involves transplanting your own cartilage cells to an area of limited cartilage damage. This is done as an open surgical procedure only when a small area of cartilage is involved. It requires overnight stay in the hospital. The transplanted cartilage cells may help to re-grow and form new normal cartilage at the site of damage, and is useful for loss of small areas of cartilage.